The Directors of Thai Union Group Public Company Limited fully recognize the importance of good corporate governance based on honesty, transparency, accountability, ethics, trust, and high standards of business operation, in accordance with the Code of Best Practices for Directors of Listed Companies. The Board comprise of directors who as a group provide an appropriate balance and diversity of skills, experience, gender and at least one non-executive director having prior working experience in the major industry the company is operating in. The Board strongly believes that adherence to these principles will enhance the company's ability to compete, build confidence among shareholders, investors, and other stakeholders, and lead to a more effective business operation, strong and sustainable growth, as well as higher investment returns. Therefore, the Board has consistently supported the company's compliance with Stock Exchange of Thailand's Principle of Good Corporate Governance for Listed Companies.
The Board of Directors is headed by the Chairman and includes a President/CEO, other executive directors, directors representing strategic business partners, and independent directors, with the total number of directors appropriate to the size of the company's operations, but not fewer than 5 members.
The independent directors are truly independent from the company's executives and do not have business relationship or relationship of other nature that may influence their judgment. Criteria for appointment to the posts are in compliance with the Securities and Exchange Commission's definition of independent director. Moreover, the Company's criteria are stricter than "the criteria" required by the Stock Exchange of Thailand and the Securities and Exchange Commission in term of stock holding ratio.
The company's Articles of Association, section 5 (Board of Directors), number 17, states that at each general shareholders' meeting, one-third of all directors' positions in the Board of Directors shall be vacated. If the number of directors cannot be divided by 3, the number of positions to be vacated should be as close to one-third as possible.
To ensure the directors have can perform their role effectively, they are prohibited from holding a directorship in more than 5 listed companies, with the exception of subsidiaries companies, joint-ventures, and associated companies requiring oversight from the company. Nevertheless, holding such positions shall not affect the duty and performance of the director of the Company.
The Board of Directors is responsible to the shareholders in overseeing the company's business operations and steering the company towards the agreed targets and on a path that maximizes shareholders' long term benefits, with consideration to business ethics and fairness to all relevant stakeholders. Duties of the Board of Directors are as follows:
Other duties as required by the Stock Exchange of Thailand and the Securities and Exchange Commission.
In addition, the above-mentioned approval authorities must not be in nature of any business transactions that allow executive directors, or their authorized persons, to grant further approval for transactions having their conflicts of interest, vest interest, or any other forms of conflicts of interest (according to the company's articles of association and pursuant to the Notifications of the Office of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Stock Exchange of Thailand) with the company or its subsidiaries. Exception is made for approval given for business transactions in accordance with corporate policy and criteria approved by Board of Directors, provided that executive directors with vested interest in such issue are not eligible for voting right. Board of Directors is authorized to make change to the authority of executive directors as deemed necessary or appropriate.
The Board of Directors has set the standards for the general meeting to be conducted at least 6 times a year and has set the dates of the meetings in advance for the whole year so that the directors can attend all meetings and may set additional schedule, if necessary.
The Chairman of the Board of the Directors and the President/Chief Executive Officer collaborate to set the agenda of the meeting while other directors may also present their agenda for consideration. The Company Secretary may also present agendas which are related to the rules and regulations to complete the list.
It is the duty of the Company Secretary to distribute the Invitation letter and supporting documents to the Meeting along with the agenda and the documents to the directors no less than 7 days in advance, except for matters which need urgent consideration.
The Board of Directors has set the quorum with a minimum of at least two-thirds of the total members of the directors in order to make a quorum and all directors should attend at least 75% of all the board meetings held during the year. The Chairman of the Board shall be in charge and allocate sufficient time for each agenda so that the directors may express their opinions while the executives who are involved with that particular agenda present the data and information for the exchanges of views. If necessary, the Board may provide the opinions for an independent advisor or a professional consultant. Each meeting shall last 1-3 hours.
It is the duty of the Company Secretary to provide the minutes and present to the Chairman of the Board of Directors to verify and deliver to each director to comment. A meeting report shall consist of minutes of the resolutions of the meeting along with sufficient and accurate data and information.
The Directors of the Company are committed and always prepared to attend meetings, including the Board of Directors' Meetings, the Sub committees' Meetings, and the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders. Exception is reserved only for those directors who reside abroad.
The ordinary session of the annual shareholders' meeting shall be held once a year within 4 months of the last day of the company's annual accounting period. Other shareholders' meetings are to be referred to as extraordinary sessions. The Board of Directors can call an extraordinary session at any time, or within a month after a request for such session is made by the shareholders, in accordance with the Public Limited Company Act. Shareholders can propose candidates for the position of directors, as well as topics to be included in the agenda and questions for the ordinary session. A notice shall be submitted electronically to the Stock Exchange of Thailand as well as shown on the company's website to allow sufficient amount of time for the shareholders to propose issues to be included in the agenda prior to the meeting.
Meeting invitation shall include the meeting agenda and with details of the issues to be discussed at the meeting. A proxy voting appointment form is also included to allow shareholder to appoint one of the independent directors to vote for him or her. Such form must be submitted to the registrar at least 7 days in advance to the registrar.
The Board of Directors has the duty to make sure that the company provides shareholders the invitation letter in Thai and English version with the date, time, venue, and all agenda items with the rationale or explanation of each agenda item or resolution in the notice of the annual shareholder general meeting or circulars and/or the accompanying statement in advance of meetings including encourage the use of proxy forms on which shareholders are able to specify their votes and provide at least 2 independent directors to be the choice of their proxy.
At least two-thirds of the directors must be present at the shareholders' meetings. It is mandatory for the Chairman, President, Managing Director, the highest-ranking executive responsible for financial matters, members of the audit committee, Chairman of sub-committee, and the auditors, to attend every meeting. The meeting's chairperson must allow all shareholders equal opportunity to ask questions and provide recommendations to the directors, Chairman of sub-committee and the company's executives.
The Board of Directors encourage the company to use secure, fast, precise, and accurate technology in the shareholders meeting, including in recording attendee registration, printing ballots and processing voting results and to appoint an independent party of scrutineers/inspectors to count and/or validate votes at the shareholdings' meeting. This scrutineers shall be disclosed at the meeting and recorded in the minutes.
The secretary is responsible for recording questions and issues raised by shareholders in the meeting minute include a description of the voting and vote tabulation procedures used, declaring both before the meeting proceeds, an opportunity for shareholders to ask questions or which must be submitted to the Stock Exchange of Thailand within 14 days of the meeting. The meeting minute must be publicized through the company's website. Shareholders interested in obtaining video recording of the session can make a request to the company at a later date.
Under the Corporate Governance Policy, at least one-third of the board members and not less that three persons, must be independent directors. These directors are a qualified and independent person of the same qualification criteria described in the Notification Governing Qualifications and Responsibilities of Audit Committee established by the Stock Exchange of Thailand. In addition, a person qualified to serve as independent director must be able to perform duties to preserve the best interests of all shareholders in equitable manner without conflict of interests and be available in Board meetings to give independent and unbiased opinions and judgments.
The afore-mentioned definition of independent director is based on the Company's Corporate Governance Policy established by the Board. Moreover, the Company's criteria are stricter than "the criteria" required by the Stock Exchange of Thailand and the Securities and Exchange Commission in term of stock holding ratio.
The Board of Directors has set up the following sub-committees to assist in the supervision of the company's operations.
The Audit Committee was established by the approval of the Board of the Directors on 15th November 1999 for the purposes to support and act on behalf of the Board of Directors to review the financial information to be presented to the shareholders and other stakeholders, and to review the risk management systems, the internal control systems, the internal audits and good corporate governance and to control the anti-corruption measures as well as to review the financial reports preparation for the Company’s transparent and trustworthy operations and disclosures of information.
The existence of the Audit Committee is a part of good corporate governance, and thus the Board of Directors has resolved to adopt this Charter of the Audit Committee guided by the Company’s Code of Conduct, along with the relevant regulations and laws, which have been applied to form this present Charter.1. Roles and Responsibilities
The duties of the Audit Committee are as follows:
To fulfill its duties under its scope of responsibilities, the Audit Committee is authorized to call for and order management, heads of offices, or employees concerned to present opinions, attend meetings, or submit necessary documents. In addition, the Committee may seek independent opinion from professional consultants as deem appropriate, at the Company’s expense.
The Audit Committee performs duties within its responsibilities under the order of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors is responsible for the Company’s operations and is directly accountable to shareholders, stakeholders, and the public.
The constituents of the Audit Committee are to be as follows:
The term of office of the members of the Audit Committee is 3 year each, ending at the annual general meeting of shareholders. Nevertheless, a retiring member is eligible for re-appointment.
Apart from the vacancy upon the expiration as aforementioned, a member of the Audit Committee shall vacate office when:
If a member of the Audit Committee wishes to resign, he/she shall give a notice of resignation to the Chairman of the Company’s Board of Directors. The resignation shall be effective from the date on which the Chairman of the Company’s Board of Directors receives the resignation letter.
If a member of the Audit Committee resigns or is dismissed from his/her position before his/her expiration of the term of office, the Company shall immediately inform the Stock Exchange of Thailand. The member of the Audit Committee who resigned or was dismissed may explain his/her reason to the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Stock Exchange.
In case of vacancies of all members in the Audit Committee, the said Audit Committee may perform any act in the name of the Audit Committee until a new Audit Committee takes over the duties.
In case of a vacancy in the Audit Committee for reason other than expiration of the term of office, the Board of Directors shall elect a person who is fully qualified as a substitute member of the Audit Committee so that the number of members of the Audit Committee remains in full as the Board of Directors had stipulated. The substitute member shall hold office only for the remaining term of office of the member whom he/she replaces.
Meetings of the Audit Committee shall be at least 12 meetings per year and report their performance to the Board of director at least twice a year.
In calling a meeting of the Audit Committee, the Chairman or the Secretary to the Audit Committee, by order of the Chairman, shall serve a written notice calling for such meeting to members of the Audit Committee not less than 7 days prior to the date of the meeting. Where it is necessary or urgent, the meeting may be called by other methods or an earlier meeting date may be choosing. The Audit Committee should hold meetings to discuss matters within its scope of duties.5. Quorum
At a meeting of the Audit Committee at least half the number of the members of the Audit Committee must be present to constitute a quorum. In case the Chairman is absent or unable to perform his/her duty, the Audit Committee shall appoint a member to perform the duty on behalf of the Chairman.
Decisions in the meeting shall be made by a simple majority vote.
Each member of the Audit Committee is entitled to one vote, except the member of the Audit Committee who has a conflict of interest in any matter shall not be entitled to vote on such matter. In the event of tie vote, the Chairman of the meeting shall have a casting vote.
Resolutions of the Audit Committee may be made without meeting, and shall be deemed valid as if they were made at the meeting, when all members of the Audit Committee have adopted it by their signatures.
Should the Board of Directors or management fail to remedy the issues within the timeline specified by the Audit Committee, a member of the Audit Committee may report the issue to the SEC or the SET7. Remuneration
The Audit Committee shall be paid a remuneration, the amount of which shall be approved at the general meeting of shareholders.
This Charter shall be effective from 21st February 2017 onwards.
Composition and qualifications
The Board of Directors has set up the Nomination and Remuneration Committee since November 1, 2010 for a period of 3 years for each term. The Committee is comprised of 1 Chairman of the Nomination and Remuneration Committee and 1 member of the Nomination and Remuneration Committee. Both members are independent directors and have the qualifications required by the Office of Securities and Exchange Commission. They are knowledgeable, competent and experienced and thoroughly understand their duties and responsibilities.Role and responsibilities
The term of membership in the Nomination and Remuneration Committee is 3 years. Should any position become vacant due to reasons other than the expiration of his or her term, the Board of Directors shall appoint other qualified person to replace the vacant position to meet the required number of members in the Committee. The replacement member shall serve on the Committee until the end of the replaced person's remaining term.
Composition and qualifications
The Board of Directors has set up the Risk Management Committee since November 1, 2010 for a period of 3 years for each term. The Committee is comprised of 3 independent directors, 2 directors, and the chief executive administrators of main business while most of the directors are independent directors whose qualifications meet the standards required by the Office of Securities and Exchange Commission. They are also knowledgeable, competent and experienced and thoroughly understand their duties and responsibilities.Role and responsibilities
Term of membership
The term of membership in the Risk Management Committee is 3 years. Should any position become vacant due to reasons other than the expiration of his or her term, the Board of Directors shall appoint other qualified person to replace the vacant position to meet the required number of members in the Committee. The replacement member shall serve on the Committee until the end of the replaced person's remaining term.
The Board of Directors no.1/2014 on 24 February 2014 has approved to set up the Treasury Committee, who will have direct responsibilities to oversight of the risk management policy and procedures including provide advices and authorize treasury execution team to minimize such financial risks to the acceptable levels due to the fact that main Thai operations for TU Group has gradually increased exposures in foreign exchange risk and interest rate risk from the expanding business, therefore, the impact from foreign exchange and interest rate movement can have significant effect to the group's financial performance.
The composition of Treasury Committee will be (1) Chairman, (2) CEO, (3) President of Global Shrimp Business, (4) Group CFO, and (5) Finance Management (GM/DGM/AGM). It is scheduled for TC to have annually meeting for review treasury policy. Any special meeting can be requested for approving any activities which considered risky and over the authorization limit of Treasury execution team.
The Board of Directors no.4/2014 on 13 August 2014 has approved to set up the Group Investment Committee with the members of (1) Executive Chairman, (2) CEO, (3) President of Global Shrimp Business, and (4) Group CFO for the objective to set the guideline/policy for CAPEX/OPEX investment, approve and review budgets on a regular basis, and review all M&A transactions before TUF board and shareholders' approval.
The Board of Directors no.4/2014 on 13 August 2014 has approved to set up the Sustainable Development Committee of which Mr. Thiraphong Chansiri is the Chairman, Mr. Cheng Niruttinanon is the Committee's consultant and the chief executive administrators of the main business are the committee whose duties will be planning policies of the sustainability of company, monitoring and encouraging the operation of the five groups including working group for Corporate Social Responsibility, Ethical Labor Practice, Human Capital Development, Energy, Environment & Climate Change, Sustainable Supply Chain while Sustainable Development Working Group will be responsible to coordinate the work of five groups and affiliated companies both in country and overseas.
Long and short-term remuneration policies are calculated with reference to the company’s long-term corporate strategic plan, called Enterprise Objective. They are determined through a series of metrics relating to the company’s operational performance. Management performance is measured against four criteria:
The company has determined the executive compensation as follows:
Thai Union encourages the Chief Executive Officer and Global Leadership Team members to hold a share of the Company. This demonstrates commitment to the Group and gains the trust of our investors. Executives are encouraged to personally obtain Thai Union shares between two to 12 times their monthly base salary or equivalent to their annual base salary.
Thai Union’s clawback provision is referred from the Securities and Exchange Act B.E. 2551. Under section 89/7, the executive team is responsible for managing the company with caution and integrity. It is responsible for to complying with relevant laws and regulations, as well as the objectives and requirements of the company, in agreement with the board of directors and investors. Thai Union reserves the right to request an executive team member take responsibility for his/her actions, if the executive fails to perform his/her duties, for example, misconduct by the executive or misconduct through their direction or non-direction.
The Board of Directors has made a resolution to appoint a Company Secretary on December 14, 2007 for providing supporting and assistance to the activities of the Board of Directors for the right direction of corporate governance with more accuracy, transparency and efficiency. The assignments under roles and responsibilities are as follows:
Implementing all matters with accuracy and completeness in accordance with the Public Limited Companies Act, the Securities and Exchange Act, the Announcement and Regulations of the Capital Market Supervisory Board, including laws and other related rules.
The Board of Directors has recognized the importance and the necessity of the succession of top executive positions of the organization, particularly for the positions of Chief Executive Officer and President of Global Shrimp Business thus the Board of Directors has appointed Assistant Managing Director of Human Resource along with the Chief Executive Officer to implement succession planning for the positions of Chief Executive Officer and President of Global Shrimp Business.
The Company has focus on Succession Plan by stating jobs that are important in driving the present and the future business (Critical Positions) includes a set of steps and criteria for evaluating talent assessment of the executive in line with clearly of the business strategies and perform the ongoing Talent Review Process assessments every year.
The result will enable the company to analyze the overall organization capability and adopted various Executive Succession Plan. The Company has implemented concurrently both Individual Development Plan and Succession Plan.
The Company will monitor and evaluate progress in the development of successor continues along with the assessment of business needs and predict the dynamics of the labor market, pre periodically that plans for the recruitment, development and succession plan to be effective in line with the transformation of the business and personnel for key positions in succession.
The Company has supplied a manual for new directors to be informed of the information of the Company, the objectives, the rules and regulations and important policies which are necessary to facilitate the new directors to perform their duties and express their opinions in the meetings. Furthermore, all directors are welcome to constantly improve their knowledge through training in order to effectively carry out corporate governance of the Company.
The Company has set up a policy of self-evaluation for the Board of Directors at least once a year since 2013. The objective was to assist the directors in evaluating performance, issues and obstacles in the previous year as guidelines for improvements and more effective performance of the Board of the Directors. The evaluation of the performance of the Board of Directors has been categorized in the following topics:
Committee Performance Assessment
CEO Performance Assessment
Board remuneration should be comparable to the industry level in which the company operations, and reflect the experience, obligations, scope of work, accountability and responsibilities and contributions of each director. Directors who are assigned to more tasks, such as committees, should be paid more.
The Board of Directors encourage and facilitate training for all internal parties related to corporate governance such as directors, members of audit committee, sub-committee, executives, and company secretary for training will enable them to continuously improve their performance. New directors will be provided with all documents and information useful to perform their duties, including an introduction to the nature of the business the operations of the company, corporate governance policy, and code of business ethics. Moreover, the Board also provide a development program for executives that will be annually reported by the President/CEO.
The Board of Directors has decided that an Internal Audit Unit to regularly oversee internal controls system, to regularly inspect significant items and to ensure the effectiveness of internal controls system for greater credibility of financial statements. Through its risk management system, the company's relevant risks are identified, assessed, and management measures developed. Compliance with the company's rules and relevant laws and regulations are reviewed. The Audit Committee oversees the operation of the Internal Controls System, which cover normal business operations, compliance control, risk management, and the management of irregularities.
The Board establish a risk management policy to cover all activities of the company. The Risk Management Committee assigns the management team to regularly identify internal and external risk factors as well as to conduct assessment of their impacts on the Company's business. Risk management team is diversely composed of management members and top executives who are directly responsible for the work areas where risk factors are identified. The risk management team analyzes target risk factors in order to determine root causes and create countermeasures. The countermeasures are turned into practical guidance to either prevent or minimize potential impacts of those risks. In addition, the risk management team also follows up and ensures that taken corrective and preventive actions are in line with its directed countermeasures and reports the performance of countermeasure implementation to Audit Committee for subsequent address in Board meeting.
The Board of Directors realizes the importance of accurate, complete, and transparent disclosure of information to every shareholder, as well as investors and all stakeholders with equal opportunity to access such information including sufficiency of information disclosed to investors for their decision-making. Therefore, the company has set up a working structure to ensure timely and effective disclosure of information related to the company's operations and financial conditions as required by law. This strategy not only provides accurate information to the target audience, which generates positive interests from investors, it also gives the company the chance to listen to outside stakeholders and the general public, which helps the company enormously in developing new business strategies. The company has a dedicated unit to facilitate communications between the company and investors and analysts, with regular face-to-face meetings to share information and opinions. Moreover, the disclosure of the Company's CG policy, code of ethics, risk management policy, corporate social responsibilities policy, and Management Discussion and Analysis for each quarterly financial statements approved by the Board including the reasons of case non-compliance through various channels. The company's website www.thaiunion.com also has a comprehensive section publicizing business-related news.
The Board of Directors hereby expressed its responsibility for ensuring that the financial statements and consolidated financial statements of the Company and subsidiaries are contained herein genuinely reflect its actual financial status and operating results. The aforementioned financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting standards, using careful judgement and the best estimation. The adequate disclosure of all important information in notes to financial statements is in accordance with the updated accounting standards for the Company shareholders and investors.
The Board of Directors has presented its responsibilities concerning the Company's financial reports alongside the auditor's report in the Company's annual report, that are contained herein genuinely reflect its actual financial status and operating results. These are based on accounting principles which require accurate, complete, and adequate recording of accounting items in every aspect.
The Board determines handling procedures and monitoring measures against potential conflict of interests and connected transactions. Much efforts and prudential considerations are independently taken in order to identify the appropriateness of target items under the scope of the Company's Corporate Governance Policy and for the best interests of the Company. Those items with nature of potential conflict of interests and connected transactions are treated in the same manner as transactions made to outsiders. Quarterly summary report of those items and transactions is prepared and regularly publicized at year-end in the Company's annual report and Form 56-1. Furthermore, the Company requires that the Board and management members report to the Company their vested interests in the Company's and its subsidiaries' operations and management, or those of their connected persons. This requirement is aimed to furnish necessary information to the Company and to enable the Company to comply with its own connected transaction handling procedures, which are established to prevent such items with potential conflict of interests from possible siphoning of corporate funds and interests from the Company and its subsidiaries.
The Board imposes preventive measures to guard against the use of internal information for personal gains among the Board and management members by the directors and the management must inform about the company's own trading to company secretary at least 1 day in advance before trading and have their mandatory duties to report any changes made to the securities ownership of their own, those of their spouses and children below lawful age to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) pursuant to Section 59 of the Securities and Exchange Act B.E. 2535 on immediate basis and not later than 3 business days following the date of purchase, sell, transfer or receipt of such securities. The Board or management members or sections with access to, or acknowledgement of, internal information are not allowed to leak the information to the outsiders or other unauthorized persons. In addition, no securities trading by those management is allowed within the period of one month prior to the disclosure of financial statements or any other material information to the public in order to prevent illegal use of internal information undisclosed to the public, which can affect the trading of the Company's share on the Stock Exchange of Thailand.
The Company secretary reports every change in the Company's securities held by directors and management to the Chairman of Board and Chairman of Audit Committee, and also provides the report of any changes made to the securities held by directors and management for year to the board meeting and discloses in the Company's annual report.
Connected transaction policy between TUF and its subsidiaries, the Audit Committee is entrusted to review the connected transactions that need to be approved by the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors shall ensure that the company is operating in compliance with the rules and regulations of the Capital Market Supervisory Board and the Stock Exchange of Thailand including the acquisition and disposition of assets, as well as the accounting standards concerning the disclosure of information concerning connected parties and business, as defined by the Federation of Accounting Professional of Thailand. The Audit Committee will provide comments about the necessity and justification of such transactions for the best interest of the Company. Costs are charged at the market price like transactions with any other outside parties (Fair and at arm's Length basis). In the case of the Audit Committee does not have expertise in the connected transactions, the company will provide independent appraiser or external auditor of the company to ensure that such price is reasonable to the Company before that such transactions must be approved by the Board of Directors and Shareholders. Directors and management personnel with potential conflicts of interest are not allowed to vote the transactions. The connected transactions are disclosed under the Notes to Financial Statements for year ended December 31, the annual report and form 56-1.
In undertaking future connected transactions, the Company will continue its product and service transactions with connected companies, since these represent the normal business practices in the same industry. The pricing of products and services follow market practices (Fair and at arm's Length basis) and/or the details in any commercial agreements. However, the Company will take into consideration its best interests and ensure that such price is reasonable to maximize the Company's benefits. The Audit Committee and Audit Unit are to supervise and review the business transactions that are considered connected transactions according to the requirements, announcements, rules and regulations of the Stock Exchange of Thailand and Securities and Exchange Commission. Moreover, the transactions involving directors and management, they are not allowed to vote and attend the meeting.
The Board of Directors no.8/2014 on 24 December 2014 has approved the Anti-Corruption Policy.
The Company has signed a Letter of Intent to participate in the Collective Action Coalition of the Thai private sector to conduct anti-corruption activities on August 20, 2015. Hence, the Company has issued the Anti-Corruption Policy and Code of Conduct for Anti-Corruption, which details strict guidelines to prevent and/or deal with any corrupt activities. Further, the process of reviewing our policies and procedures are implemented on a periodic basis, in order to make sure our guidelines are up-to-date and responsive to new developments in the current business conducts as well as changing laws, rules and regulations to which the Company is subject, and to make sure that our integrity and ethical business conduct is upheld; and by which all board members, management and employees must abide. Board members, management and employees shall perform their duty in compliance with this policy and communicate the policy to external stakeholders for corruption-related risk prevention. The Company shall provide a protection to board members, management and employees who act against corruption in accordance with this Policy and respective Code of Conduct.
Anyone who violates this Policy and Code of Conduct shall be subject to disciplinary action in accordance with the company's rules and regulations.
Role and Responsibility
For a personal or other undue advantage.
Gifts, Hospitality, and Expenditures